TEACHING READING COMPREHENSION BY USING EXPERIENCE-TEXT-RELATIONSHIP METHOD TO SENIOR HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS

Yuliana Mara Yuliantini, Aunurrahman Aunurrahman, Ageung Darajat

Abstract


Abstract

This research aimed to improve reading comprehension of public senior high school students by using Experience-Text-Relationship method. The research was done in two cycles and involved 31 eleventh-grade students of a public senior high school in SimpangDua, Ketapang in the Academic Year of 2018/2019. The researcher used observation field notes and reading tests to collect data of the study. A collaborator was involved during the observations and practices to build trustworthy of the study. The data from the observation field notes were analyzed qualitatively and the data from the reading test results were analyzed by using descriptive statistics. The analysis of the observation field notes shows that the students became active and polite, had high enthusiasm in the teaching and learning processes. The analysis of the reading test results also reveals that the students had improved their reading comprehension. In conclusion, Experience-Text-Relationship method can improve the students’ reading comprehension.

 

Abstrak

Penelitian bertujuan untuk meningkatkan pemahaman membaca siswa SMA negeri menggunakan metode Experience-Text-Relationship. Penelitian ini menggunakan dua siklus dan melibatkan 31 siswa kelas sebelas siswa di salah satu SMA negeri di SimpangDua, Kabupaten Ketapang pada Tahun Akademik 2018/2019. Peneliti menggunakan catatan lapangan observasi dan tes membaca untuk mengumpulkan data penelitian. Seorang kolaborator dilibatkan selama pengamatan dan praktik untuk membangun penelitian yang dapat dipercaya. Data dari catatan lapangan observasi dianalisis secara kualitatif dan data dari hasil tes membaca dianalisis dengan menggunakan statistik deskriptif. Analisis catatan observasi lapangan menunjukkan bahwa siswa menjadi aktif dan sopan, memiliki antusiasme yang tinggi dalam proses belajar-mengajar. Analisis hasil tes membaca juga mengungkapkan bahwa terjadi peningkatan pemahaman membaca siswa. Kesimpulannya, metode Experience-Text-Relationship dapat membantu meningkatkan pemahaman membaca siswa.


Keywords


Experience-Text-Relationship method; reading comprehension; English language teaching

Full Text:

DOWNLOAD PDF

References


Ary, D., Jacobs, L. C., Razavieh, A., & Ary, D. 2010. Introduction to Research in Education (8th ed). Belmont: Wadsworth.

Au, K. H.-P. 1979. Using the Experience-Text-Relationship Method with Minority Children. Reading Teacher, 32(6): 677–679.

Aunurrahman, Hamied, F. A., & Emilia, E. 2017. A Joint Construction Practice in an Academic Writing Course in an Indonesian University Context. Celt (A Journal of Culture, English Language Teaching & Literature), 17(1): 27–44.

Burns, A. 2010. Doing Action Research in English Language Teaching: A Guide for Practitioners (1st ed.). New York: Routledge.

Burns, A., Westmacott, A., & Ferrer, A. H. 2016. Initiating an Action Research Programmefor University EFL teachers: Early Experiences and Responses. Iranian Journal of Language Teaching Research, 4(3): 55–73.

Creswell, J. W. 2012. Educational Research: Planning, Conducting, and Evaluating Quantitative and Qualitative Research (4th ed.). Lincoln: Pearson.

Deshpande, S. K. 2016. Activating Background Knowledge: An Effective Strategy to Develop Reading Comprehension Skills. Journal of English Language Teaching and Linguistics, 1(3): 191–202.

Emilia, E. 2012. Pendekatan Genre-Based dalam Pengajaran Bahasa Inggris: Petunjuk untuk Guru (2nd ed.). Bandung: Rizqi Press.

Fraenkel, J. R., Wallen, N. E., & Hyun, H. H. 2011. How to Design and Evaluate Research in Education (8th ed.). New York: McGraw-Hill Humanities/Social Sciences/Languages.

Jarmianik, J., Ngadiso, N., & Setyaningsih, E. 2013. Improving Reading Comprehension Using Experience-Text-Relationship (ETR) Method. English Education, 1(2): Abstract.

Lawrence, L. J. 2007. Cognitive and Metacognitive Reading Strategies Revisited: Implications for Instruction. Reading Matrix: An International Online Journal, 7(3): 55–71.

Lodico, M. G., Spaulding, D. T., & Voegtle, K. H. 2010. Methods in Educational Research: From Theory to Practice (2nd ed). San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.

Miles, M. B. & Huberman, A. M. 1994. Qualitative Data Analysis: An Expanded Sourcebook (2nd ed.). Thousand Oaks: SAGE Publications, Inc.

Moore, P. J. 2013. An Emergent Perspective on the Use of the First Language in the English-As-A-Foreign-Language Classroom: An Emergent Perspective on the Use of the First Language. The Modern Language Journal, 97(1): 239–253.

Samosir, D. N. & Meisuri. 2013. Improving Students’ Reading Comprehension Achievement in Narrative Text Through Experience-Text-Relationship (ETR) Method. TRANSFORM Journal of English Language Teaching and Learning of FBS UNIMED, 2(2): 1–14.

Triani, F. & Jufri, J. 2018. Using Experience Text Relationship in Teaching Reading Recount Text to Senior High School’s Student. Journal of English Language Teaching, 7(4): 780–789.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.31571/edukasi.v18i2.1837

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 347 times
DOWNLOAD PDF - 13 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2020 Yuliana Mara Yuliantini, Aunurrahman, Ageung Darajat

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

INDEXING AND ARCHIVING



PUBLISHED BY

Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian pada Masyarakat (LPPM)
Unit Penelitian dan Publikasi Ilmiah
IKIP PGRI Pontianak

Gedung Rektorat Lt. 2, Jl. Ampera No. 88, Pontianak, Kalimantan Barat - 78116
e-mail: edukasi.ikippgriptk@gmail.com



ISSN 1829-8702 (print)

ISSN 2407-1803 (electronic)

 


Edukasi: Jurnal Pendidikan is licensed under a
Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License

Creative Commons License