Identifikasi kesulitan belajar sains dan upaya yang dilakukan guru sekolah menengah untuk mengatasinya

Reni Marlina

Abstract


Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengidentifikasi kesulitan belajar pada siswa khususnya pada pelajaran sains. Metode yang digunakan adalah deskriptif dengan pendekatan survei. Instrumen yang digunakan adalah kuesioner. Subjek penelitian adalah guru yang yang aktif dalam kelompok Musyawarah Guru Mata Pelajaran (MGMP) Biologi di Kabupaten Kayong Utara dan Kota Singkawang. Data dianalisis dengan menggunakan statistik deskriptif. Hasil yang diperoleh diketahui kesulitan belajar yang dialami siswa saat belajar di Kayong Utara dan Singkawang. yaitu kurang konsentrasi, sulit memahami materi, tidak mandiri dalam belajar dan sulit mengingat materi. Dari 27 guru sains, 26 guru menyatakan media TIK mewakili media yang dipilih guru untuk mengatasi ke 7 kesulitan belajar tersebut. para guru memiliki keinginan kuat untuk mengintegrasikan TIK ke dalam proses belajar-mengajar walaupun sulit diaplikasikan. Hambatan utama adalah kurangnya komputer di ruang kelas, dan internet kecepatan rendah. Penting bagi pelatih guru dan pembuat kebijakan untuk memahami hambatan penggunaan TIK di kelas. Sehingga strategi pembelajaran dengan menggunakan media TIK dapat tepat bagi siswa dan guru.


Keywords


guru sains; kesulitan belajar; TIK

Full Text:

PDF

References


Allen, V. (1996). A disability crutch collegians claim learning disabilities to get special favors. USA: Today.

Arnab. (2017). Towards a trans-disciplinary methodology for a game based intervention process.Educ.Technol,48, 279–312.

Bassett, D. S., & Smith, B. C. (1996). Transition in an era of reform. Journal of Learning Disabilities, 29 (2), 161-166.

Becta, (2004).The impact of information and communication technologies on learning and attainment. Full report, March 2003.

Bransford, J., Brown, A. L., & Cocking, R. R. (2000). How people learn: brain, mind, experience, and school (2nd ed.). Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. https://www.msu.edu/~towlehje/How%20People%20Learn.pdf

Cachia, R., & Ferrari, A. (2010). Creativity in schools: A survey of teachers in Europe. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union.

Dick, W & Carey, L. (1985). The Systematic Design of Instructional. London: Scoot, Foresman and Company.

Eleftheriou. (2017). Using Computer Simulations for Investigating a Sex Education Intervention: An Exploratory Study. JMIR Serious Games, 5, e9.

Ertmer, P. (2005). Teacher pedagogical beliefs: The final frontier in our quest for technology Integration. Educational Technology, Research and Development, 53 (4), 25-40.

Greenbaum, B., Graham, S., & Scales, W. (1995). Adults with learning disabilities:Educational and social experiences during college, Exceptional Children, 61, 460-471.

Grimus, M. (2000). ICT and multimedia in the primary school. Paper presented at the 16th conference on educational uses of information and communication technologies, Beijing: China. http://www.pcnews.at/d/_pdf/n700034.pdf

Guzey, S. S., Moore, T. J., Harwell, M., & Moreno, M. (2016). STEM Integration in Middle School Life Science: Student Learning and Attitudes. Journal of Science Education and Technology, 25(4), 550-560.

Haryono. (2013). Pembelajaran IPA yang Menarik dan Mengasyikan. Yogyakarta: Kepel Press Puri Arsita A-6.

Hieftje, K. (2016). Development of an HIV Prevention Videogame Intervention: Lessons Learned. Int. J. Serious Games, 3, 83–90.

Jiang, R. (2017). Interative Design and Testing for the Development of a Game-Based Chlamydia Awareness Intervention: A Pilot Study. Games Health J. 6, 205–216.

Kashibuchi, M. (2015). The educational effectiveness of a simulation/game in sex education. Simul Gaming, 32, 331–343.

Kelley, T. R., & Knowles, J. G. (2016). A conceptual framework for integrated STEM education. International Journal of STEM Education, 3(1), 1-11.

Posthill, S. M. & Roffman, A. J. (1991). The impact of a transitional training program for young adults with learning disabilities. Journal of Learning Disabilities, 24, 619-629.

Prestridge, S. (2007). Engaging with the transforming possibilities of ICT. Australian Educational Computing, 22 (2), 3-9.

Reis, S. M., Neu, T. W. & McGuire, J. M. (1994). Case studies of high-ability students with learning disabilities who have achieved. Exceptional Children, 63, (4), 463-479.

Roy, K. (1998). Effective Teaching Strategies. Australia: Social Science Press.

Schnittka, C. G., Evans, M. A., Won, S. G. L., & Drape, T. A. (2016). After- School Spaces: Looking for Learning in All the Right Places. Research in Science Education, 46(3), 389-412.

Schoepp, K. (2005). Barriers to technology integration in a technology-rich environment.

Learning and Teaching in Higher Education. Gulf Perspectives, 2(1), 1-24.

Watson, G. (1999). Barriers to the integration of the Internet into teaching and learning: Professional development. Paper presented at the Asia Pacific Regional Internet Conference on Operational Technologies.www.apricot.net/apricot99/Singapore_paper-Watson.doc.

Yanyan, L., Zhinan, H., Menglu, J., & Ting-Wen, C. (2016). The Effect on Pupil's Science Performance and Problem-Solving Ability through Lego: An Engineering Design-based Modeling Approach. Journal of Educational Technology & Society, 19(3) 156.

Yelland, N. (2001). Teaching and learning with information and communication technologies (ICT) for numeracy in the early childhood and primary years of schooling. Australia: Department of Education, Training and Youth Affairs. http://www.dest.gov.au/archive/research/fellowship/docs/Nicola_Yelland/Yelland_report.pdf.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.31571/saintek.v9i1.1567

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 45 times
PDF - 0 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2020 Reni Marlina

Jurnal Pendidikan Informatika dan Sains

IKIP PGRI Pontianak, Gedung Rektorat Lt. 2
Jl. Ampera No.88, Sungai Jawi, Pontianak Kota, Kota Pontianak, Kalimantan Barat 78116
Telp. (0561) 748219
E-mail: saintek.ikippgriptk@gmail.com 


p-ISSN: 2089-2802 | e-ISSN: 2407-1536


View Stats


Jurnal Pendidikan Informatika dan Sains is licensed under a
Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License